Textile Fiber | Properties of Textile Fiber | Physical Properties Textile Fiber | Mechanical Properties Textile Fiber | Chemical Properties Textile Fiber

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Textile Fiber : A unit of matter, either natural or manufactured, that forms the basic element of fabrics and other textile structures. A fiber is characterized by having a length at least 100 times its diameter or width. The term refers to units that can be spun into a yarn or made into a fabric by various methods including weaving, knitting, braiding, felting, and twisting. The essential requirements for fibers to be spun into yarn include a length of at least 5 millimeters, flexibility, cohesiveness, and sufficient strength. Other important properties include elasticity, fineness, uniformity, durability, and luster.

Properties of Fiber : We saw three types of properties according to the fiber properties for a textile fiber. There are a lot of characteristic in the textile fibers. But it is characterized as three basic characterization.
They are 
  1. Physical properties, 
  2. Chemical properties 
  3. Mechanical properties of Textile fiber.
1. Physical Properties :
  • Length ----------Staple (15mm - 150 mm)
  • Fineness ---------- Length : Width = 1000:1
  • Cross Sectional Shape
  • Crimp
  • Density
2. Mechanical Properties :
  • Strength (Tenacity) (P.S.I)
  • Elasticity (Recovery percentage)
  • Extensibility (Breaking Extension)
  • Rigidity (Stiffness)
3. Chemical Properties :

Solubility in aquas and organic solvent.Useful properties of another hind desired in a textile fiber are indicated bellow.
  • Behavior towards dyes.
  • Ability to moisture absorption
  • Resistance to deteriorating influence including; light, thermal stability, resistance to bacteria, mildow moth and other destructive insect, corrosive chemicals.

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