Nanotechnology | Nanotechnology in Textile | Definition of Nanotechnology | Nanotechnology and Textiles

Nanotechnology, shortened to "nanotech", is the study of the controlling of matter on an atomic and molecular scale. Generally nanotechnology deals with structures sized between 1 to 100 nanometer in at least one dimension, and involves developing materials or devices within that size.


Nanotechnology is the technical process of working on the nano-scale.Each nano-scale molecule is one million times smaller than a grain of sand. Nanotechnology refers to not only the small size of the materials being used, but also how those materials are engineered to perform specific functions.
Nanotechnology in Textile
Nanotechnology in Textile
Traditional coatings make garments feel stiff and clog the weave of the fabric preventing breathability. Using nanotechnology, treatments are small enough to attach to individual fibers, delivering superior performance characteristics without compromising the look, feel or comfort of the fabric.

Nanotechnology in Textile:
There are lots of possible routes for nanotechnology to be incorporated into fabrics and textiles. Those which integrate most easily with existing textile processing equipment have, unsurprisingly made it to market first, but more sophisticated fabrics and applications are also available, which provide some genuine performance innovations.

The development of smart nanotextiles has the potential to revolutionize the functionality of our clothing and the fabrics in our surroundings. Nanoscale manipulation results in new functionalities for intelligent textiles, including self-cleaning, sensing, actuating, and communicating. This is made possible by such developments as new materials, nano fibers, and finishing, inherently conducting polymers, carbon nanotubes and antimicrobial nanocoatings. These additional functionalities have numerous applications, encompassing health care, sports in textile, military applications, and fashion. The wearer and the surrounding environment may be monitored in an innocuous manner, giving continuous updates of individual health status or environmental hazards. More generally, smart textiles become a critical part of the emerging area of body sensor networks incorporating sensing, actuation, control, and wireless data transmission.

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Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.

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