Introduction of Knitting Machines | Classification of Knitting Machines

Knitting Machines:
Knitting is the method of creating fabric by transforming continuous strands of yarn into a series of interlocking loops, each raw of such loops hanging from the one immediately preceding it. It is the most common method of interloping and is second only to weaving as method of manufacturing textile products. Knitted fabric can be produced by hand or machines. We can denote knitting machine as it is a machine can convert one or one set of yarn into loop structured fabric by the mechanical movement of it basic elements. The main basic elements of knitting machine are needle, sinker and cam.

The machines used for the manufacturing of knit fabrics can be divided into machines with individually driven needles and needle bar machines. The former type of machine incorporates needles which are moved individually by cams acting on the needle butt; they are used for producing weft knits and are subdivided into circular knitting machines and flat-bed knitting machines.

The needles used can be latch needles or compound needles. The needle bar machines incorporate needles which move simultaneously, since they are all fixed to the same bar; we distinguish full-fashioned knitting machines and circular loop-wheel machines for the production of weft knit fabrics, which only use spring-beard needles, and warp knitting machines which use spring-beard needles, latch needles and compound needles.

You may also follow: Main Features of a Knitting Machine

Classification of Knitting Machines:
Knitting machine mainly classified two types. They are:

  1. Weft Knitting Machine.
  2. Warp Knitting Machine.
But in this article knitting machine are classified according to needle driven. You can see following image.

You can also follow: List of knitting machines used in knitting industry

Classification of Knitting Machinery 
Classification of Knitting Machines
Classification of Knitting Machines
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Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.

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