Knitting Stitch | Types of Knitting Stitch

Stitch is an inter-meshed loop. An interlacing of the needle thread with the cop thread. The distance between two adjacent interlacings.

Types of Knitting Stitch:
There are four principal stitches utilized in knit fabrics. They are 
  1. The plain stitch, 
  2. The rib stitch, 
  3. The interlock stitch, and 
  4. The purl stitch. 
These four stitches or combinations of them appearing in the same fabric form the basis of all knitted fabrics.

Plain stitch: The plain stitch is the basic knitting stitch. It is also called the knit stitch. The looping configurations of the stitch are illustrated in figure. This stitch is also the basis of the fabric called Jersey. Plain is produced by needles knitting as a single set, drawing the loops away from the back towards the face of the fabric. This is made on both flat and circular machines. Since the loops are formed in one direction only, the two sides of the fabric have a different appearance. One popular variation is single jersey.
Plain stitch
Rib stitch: A basic stitch used in weft knitting in which the knitting machines require two sets of needles operating at right angles to each other. Rib knits have a very high degree of elasticity in the crosswise direction. This knitted fabric is used for complete garments and for such specialized uses as sleeve bands, neck bands, sweater waistbands, and special types of trims for use with other knit or woven fabrics. Lightweight sweaters in rib knits provide a close, body hugging fit. Rib requires two sets of needles operating in between each other so that Wales of face stitches and Wales of reverse stitches are knitted on each side of the fabric. A rib fabric is characterized by lengthwise ribs formed by Wales alternating from face to back. It is known as 1x1 rib. If every two wales alternate it is called a 2 x 2 rib. One of the variations of this construction for outerwear is called double jersey.
Rib stitch
Interlock stitch: Interlock was originally derived from rib but requires a special arrangement of needles knitting back to back in an alternate sequence of two sets so that two courses of loops show Wales of face loops on each side of the fabric exactly in line with each other thus hiding the the appearance of the reverse loops.
Interlock stitch
Purl stitch: Purl is the only structure having certain wales containing both face and reverse meshed loops.
Purl stitch
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Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.

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