The word “Textile” is come from Latin word “to weave”, “to braid”, “and “to construct”. Textile has been a fundamental part of human life since the beginning of civilization and the methods and materials used to make them have expended enormously.
Dictionary of Textile define Textile:
I. A broad classification of materials that can be utilized in constructing fabrics, including textile fiber and yarns.
II. Designates the constructed fabric including woven, knitted and non-woven construction as well as lace and crocheted goods.
III. Descriptive of processes, organizations, personal associated with the manufacturer of products from fibers or yarn.
Textile manufacturing is a major industry. It is based in the conversion of three types of fibre into yarn, then fabric, then textiles. These are then fabricated into clothes or other artifacts. Cotton remains the most important natural fibre, so is treated in depth. There are many variable processes available at the spinning and fabric-forming stages coupled with the complexities of the finishing and coloration processes to the production of wide ranges of products. There remains a large industry that uses hand techniques to achieve the same results.
Flow Chart of Textile Engineering
Input→→→→→→→→→→ Section→→→→→→→→→ Output
Fiber→→→→→ → Spinning →→→→→→→ Yarn
Yarn →→→→→→→→ Weaving →→→→→→ Grey Cloth
Grey Cloth →→→→ Wet Processing →→→ Dyed/Printed Fabric
Dyed/Printed Fabric→ → → Garment Manufacturing →→→→ End product