Twill weaves are the weaves that find a wide range of application. They can be constructed in a variety of ways. The main feature of these weaves that distinguishes from other types is the presence of pronounced diagonal lines that run along the width of the fabric.
Characteristics of Twill Weaves
The basic characteristics of twill weaves are :
(i) They form diagonal lines from one selvedge to another.
(ii) More ends per unit area and picks per unit area than plain cloth.
(iii) Less binding points than plain cloth
(iv) Better cover than plain weave
(v) More cloth thickness and mass per unit area
Classification of Twill Weave
The twill weaves are produced in a wide variety of forms. They are however classified broadly into important categories, namely :
(i) Ordinary or continuous twills
(ii) Zig zag , pointed or wavy twills
(iii) Rearranged twills such as satin/sateen weaves and corkscrew weaves
(iv) Combination twills
(v) Broken twills
(vi) Figured and other related twill weaves
The above types of twills are further subclassified as:
(a) Warp face twills
(b) Weft face twills
(c) Warp and weft face twills
End Uses of Twill Weaves
Twill weaves find a wide range of application such as drill cloth, khakhi uniforms, denim cloth, blankets,shirtings, hangings and soft furnishings.