Plain Weave | Characteristics of Plain Weave | Principle of Plain Weave

The plain weave is variously known as “calico” or “tabby” weave. It is the simplest of all weaves having a repeat size of 2. The range of application of this weave is wide.
Plain weave
Characteristics of Plain Weave
The plain weave has the following characteristics :

  1. It has the maximum number of binding points
  2. The threads interlace on alternate order of 1 up and 1 down.
  3. The thread density is limited
  4. Cloth thickness and mass per unit area are limited. 
  5. It produces a relatively stronger fabric that is obtained by any other simple combination of threads, excepting that of “gauze”or “cross weaving”.
Principle of Plain Weave:
The principle involved in the construction of plain cloth is the interlacement of any two continuous threads either warp or weft in an exactly contrary manner to each other, with every thread in each series passing alternately under and over consecutive threads of other series interlaces uniformly throughout the fabric. By this plan of interlacement, every thread in each series interlaces with every thread in the other series to the maximum extent, thereby producing a comparatively firm and strong texture of cloth. A complete unit of the plain weave occupies only two warp threads and two picks of weft , which is the design for that weave?


Anonymous said...

thanks this has helped me with some of my textiles homework. Maybe you could list some properties/more properties????.
thanks again.

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