Textile Dictionary-S

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


The treatment of textiles in aqueous or other solutions in order to remove natural fats, waxes, proteins and other constituents, as well as dirt, oil and other impurities.

Scrim 
A fabric with an open or loose configuration of strands or filaments which can usually be easily seen through from a distance.

Seersucker 
A fabric characterised by the presence of puckered areas contrasted by flat areas, usually in stripes along the length of the cloth.

Selvedge 
The longitudinal edge of a fabric or a garment panel produced during knitting. The term can also be applied to fabric in which the yarn is cut rather than turned at the end of a course of loops.

Sandwash 
The soft peachskin finish obtained by blasting a fabric with fine sand.

Sanforizing 
A controlled compressive shrinkage process. The word Sanforized is a registered trade mark and can be used to describe fabrics which meet defined and approved standards of washing shrinkage.

Satin Weave 
A warp faced weave in which the binding places are arranged with a view to producing a smooth fabric surface, free from twill.

Shed
An opening formed during weaving by raising some warp threads and lowering others to facilitate the passage of a weft yarn or a weft carrying device across the weaving machine.

Shedding
A motion in weaving whereby a shed is created to facilitate the passage of a weft yarn or a weft carrying device across the weaving machine.

Shepherd's Check
A small check effect in contrasting colours, often black and white.

Shin Gosen
Fabrics made from ultra-fine polyester filament yarns with enhanced comfort, handle, drape and aesthetics. Shin gosen fabrics are designed specifically to appeal to end users by employing a combination of sophisticated fibre and fabric processing technologies.

Single Knitted Fabric
A fabric produced by knitting a single yarn continuously. In this type of fabric, the face and the back show different patterns.

Sirospun Yarns
Worsted ply yarns spun on a slightly modified ring-spinning frame, which creates the yarns directly from two rovings. In forming the yarns, the spinning frame twists the two rovings together, thereby holding the fibres in place. The process, developed in Australia, eliminates the step of forming two separate single yarns.

Sizing
A process in which size is applied to yarns (usually warp) before weaving to protect, strengthen and lubricate them during weaving. Sliver: An assemblage of fibres in continuous form without twist.

Slub Yarns
Yarns with a deliberately uneven surface Snarl yarns: Yarns which are so highly twisted that they curl back on themselves into knots and snarls, like twisted strands of elastic.

Solvent Spinning
The process of dissolving and subsequently spinning a fibre or filament without the formation of an intermediate derivative.

Space Dyed
A dyeing process in which yarn is coloured at intervals.

Spin Drawing
A process for spinning partially or highly oriented filaments in which the spinning and drawing processes are integrated sequential stages. Most of the orientation in spin drawing is introduced between the first forwarding device and the take-up.

Spinneret
A nozzle or plate provided with fine holes or slits through which a fibre-forming solution or melt is extruded during fibre manufacture.

Spinning
The process used in the production of yarns or filaments.

Spunbond
Nonwovens made from a continuous mat of randomly laid filaments. The filaments are bonded together by heat and pressure or needle punching.

Spunlacing
A process for bonding a nonwoven fabric by using high pressure water jets to intermingle the fibres.

Spunmelt
A nonwoven structure made by extruding molten polymer through spinnerets to form fibres. Spunmelt processes are used in the manufacture of spunbond nonwovens, meltblown nonwovens and combinations of the two.

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Mazharul Islam Kiron is a textile consultant and researcher on online business promotion. He is working with one European textile machinery company as a country agent. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.


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