A bast fibre similar to flax, the fibre used for making linen textiles.
A two-needle warp knitting system.
A term used to describe fibres made from regenerated cellulose (see also viscose, modal and acetate).
A term used to describe clothing which has been produced in a factory and is offered for sale as a finished garment in a range of standard sizes.
Twist inserted in a yarn through the rotation of a yarn end (as in uptwisting or downtwisting) or the repeated passage of a thread loop around an end, as in two-for-one twisting.
A device consisting of several wires closely set which separate warp threads in a loom. The reed determines the spacing of the warp threads, guides the weft carrying device, and beats up the weft against the fell of the cloth.
A technology for spinning yarns using a system of false twisting in which the rate of false twisting can be varied.
A treatment applied to part of a fabric which causes the area treated to resist the take-up of dye.
The subjection of a crop of flax or deseeded flax straw to chemical or biological treatment in order to make fibre bundles more easily separable from the woody part of the stem.
A knitted fabric with a rib pattern. Depending upon the usage, the pattern can be altered to exhibit different rib effects. Rib fabric is used mainly in round necks and cuffs for certain types of T-shirts. It is also used for making undergarments.
Yarns that are woven or knitted in the form of a ribbon.
A spinning system in which twist is inserted in a yarn by using a revolving traveller. This method gives a tighter twist than the more modern, faster and usually cheaper open end spinning process.
A method of open end spinning which uses a rotor (a high speed centrifuge) to collect and twist individual fibres into a yarn.
A collection of relatively fine fibrous strands used in the later or final processes of preparation for spinning.