Textile Dictionary-G

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Gabardine

A tightly woven, twilled, worsted fabric with a slight diagonal line on the right side. Wool gabardine is known as a year-round fabric for business suiting. Polyester, cotton, rayon, and various blends are also used in making gabardine.

Gauge

A measurement most commonly associated with knitting equipment. It can mean the number of needles per inch in a knitting machine. However, in full fashioned hosiery and sweater machines, the number of needles per 1-1/2 inches represents the gauge.

Gauze

A thin, sheer plain-weave fabric made from cotton, wool, silk, rayon, or other manufactured fibers. End-uses include curtains, apparel, trimmings, and surgical dressings.

Georgette

A sheer lightweight fabric, often made of silk or from such manufactured fibers as polyester, with a crepe surface. End-uses include dresses and blouses.

Geotextiles

Manufactured fiber materials made into a variety of fabric constructions, and used in a variety civil engineering applications.

Gingham

A medium weight, plain weave fabric with a plaid or check pattern. End-uses include dresses, shirts, and curtains.Glass Fiber
An inorganic fiber which is very strong, but has poor flexibility and poor abrasion resistance. Glass will not burn and will not conduct electricity. It is impervious to insects, mildew, and sunlight. Today, the primary use of glass fiber is in such industrial applications as insulation or reinforcement of composite structures.

Gaberdine

A firmly woven, warp-faced twill cloth.

Garnett machine

A type of carding machine, equipped with rollers and cylinders covered with metallic teeth, which is used to open up hard and soft waste textile products with a view to recycling them.

Gauge

The number of needles per unit length (usually 1 inch) along a needle bed or needle bar or flat knitting machine. For circular knitting machines, the unit length is the circumference of the needle cylinder.

Gauze

A lightweight open texture fabric produced in a plain weave or a simple leno weave.

Gel blocking

A phenomenon that occurs when the swelling of a superabsorbent polymer blocks the passage of fluid into the centre of a fabric, thereby reducing the absorption capacity.

Georgette

A fine lightweight open fabric woven in crêpe yarns.

Geotextile

A permeable textile cloth used in contact with soil or rock as part of a civil engineering operation. Ginnery: A factory where cotton ginning takes place.

Ginning

The process of separating cotton lint from the seed.

Grading (in garment manufacture)

A process of adjusting the size of each pattern piece to fit different body sizes.

Grinning

A flaw in a fabric, especially a ribbed fabric, that occurs either when warp threads show through the covering weft threads or when the threads have slipped, leaving open spaces on either side.

Gauze

A transparent fabric or a sheer woven fabric.

Gingham:

A lightweight cotton material usually woven in a block motif or a check.

Gabardine

A tightly woven, twilled, worsted fabric with a slight diagonal line on the right side. Wool gabardine is known as a year-round fabric for business suiting. Polyester, cotton, rayon, and various blends are also used in making gabardine.

Gauge

A measurement most commonly associated with knitting equipment. It can mean the number of needles per inch in a knitting machine. However, in full fashioned hosiery and sweater machines, the number of needles per 1-1/2 inches represents the gauge.

Gauze

A thin, sheer plain-weave fabric made from cotton, wool, silk, rayon, or other manufactured fibers. End-uses include curtains, apparel, trimmings, and surgical dressings.

Georgette

A sheer lightweight fabric, often made of silk or from such manufactured fibers as polyester, with a crepe surface. End-uses include dresses and blouses.

Geotextiles

Manufactured fiber materials made into a variety of fabric constructions, and used in a variety civil engineering applications.

Gingham

A medium weight, plain weave fabric with a plaid or check pattern. End-uses include dresses, shirts, and curtains.

Glass Fiber

An inorganic fiber which is very strong, but has poor flexibility and poor abrasion resistance. Glass will not burn and will not conduct electricity. It is impervious to insects, mildew, and sunlight. Today, the primary use of glass fiber is in such industrial applications as insulation or reinforcement of composite structures.

Gorge

The break between the collar and the lapel.

Greige Goods

An unfinished fabric, just removed from a knitting machine or a loom.Alsocalled grey goods.

Gimp

Gimps are flat, narrow, woven textiles made in many styles. One or both edges of a gimp can be plain or cut or have scalloped loops.

Gingham

A yarn-dyed, combed or carded cotton fabric woven into a series of simple patterns in two or more colors, such as checks, stripes or plaids.

Gorge

The break between the collar and the lapel.

Greige Goods

An unfinished fabric, just removed from a knitting machine or a loom. Also called grey goods.

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