Textile Dictionary-E

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Elastane

A man-made fibre containing at least 85% polyurethane which is capable of high stretch followed by rapid and substantial recovery to its unstretched length.

Embossing

A process in which a pattern is formed in relief by passing fabric through a calender in which a heated metal bowl engraved with a pattern is compressed against a soft bowl.

Embroidery

A decorative pattern superimposed on an existing fabric by machine stitching or hand needlework.

Emerised

A fabric which has been passed over a series of emery-covered rollers to produce a suede-like finish.

Embroidery

The art of decorating fabric with yarn or thread and needle, this ornamental needlework can be done by hand or on a machine.

Edge

The front margin of the garment that extends from front corner to front corner

Edge Tape

A tape sewn along the front edge of a coat from top of the lapel to bottom of the facing. On less expensive coats, this tape starts at the bottom of the lapel (called the breakline). The tape is usually sewn with an edge-knife machine.

Elasticity

The ability of a fiber or fabric to return to its original length, shape, or size immediately after the removal of stress.

Embossing

A calendering process in which fabrics are engraved with the use of heated rollers under pressure to produce a raised design on the fabric surface.

Embroidery

An embellishment of a fabric or garment in which colored threads are sewn on to the fabric to create a design. Embroidery may be done either by hand or machine.

Encapsulation

A process in which the fibers of a fabric are coated with a filmy substance to create certain high performance qualities, such as breathability.

Ergonomic Seaming

This apparel construction technology is aimed at maximizing comfort and ease of movement. The key feature of this seaming technology is that the seams are constructed ergonomically. Therefore, the seams flow according to the body's natural movements, regardless of the type of activity engaged in by the wearer. The seams are placed away from potential pressure points, in order to maximize comfort and movement.

Ergonomics

The study of improving a garment design by enhancing the wearers' comfort, performance, or health.

Eyelet

A type of fabric which contains patterned cut-outs, around which stitching or embroidery may be applied in order to prevent the fabric from raveling.

Embossing

A calendaring process which produces a raised design or pattern in relief. The design is pressed into fabric or leather by passing it through hot engraved rollers; velvet or plush is embossed by shearing the pile to different levels or by pressing parts flat.

Edge

The front margin of the garment that extends from front corner to front corner.

Edge Tape

A tape sewn along the front edge of a coat from top of the lapel to bottom of the facing. On less expensive coats, this tape starts at the bottom of the lapel (called the breakline). The tape is usually sewn with an edge-knife machine.

Elasticity

The ability of a fiber or fabric to return to its original length, shape, or size immediately after the removal of stress.

Embossing

A calendering process in which fabrics are engraved with the use of heated rollers under pressure to produce a raised design on the fabric surface.

Embroidery

An embellishment of a fabric or garment in which colored threads are sewn on to the fabric to create a design. Embroidery may be done either by hand or machine.

Encapsulation

A process in which the fibers of a fabric are coated with a filmy substance to create certain high performance qualities, such as breathability.

Ergonomic Seaming

This apparel construction technology is aimed at maximizing comfort and ease of movement. The key feature of this seaming technology is that the seams are constructed ergonomically. Therefore, the seams flow according to the body's natural movements, regardless of the type of activity engaged in by the wearer. The seams are placed away from potential pressure points, in order to maximize comfort and movement.

Ergonomics

The study of improving a garment design by enhancing the wearers' comfort, performance, or health.

Eyelet

A type of fabric which contains patterned cut-outs, around which stitching or embroidery may be applied in order to prevent the fabric from raveling.

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