Free Download Latest Books on Technical Textile, Fiber, Spinning, Fabric, Weaving, Knitting, Garments, Fashion, Design, Dyeing, Printing and Finishing

Textile is the ancient branch of engineering. Now textile engineering study is becoming more demand-able then before. Because textiles have not only used for wearing but also hugely used in different sectors like as technical textile. Many research works are being done on textile. But doing research anything it needs huge information. Books have not alternative of information. But price of every book is out of range such like us third world country’s people. For fulfillment the demand of information I will give a list of textile books. All books I have collected from my friends and fans who are studying in different famous universities around the world. I think these books will be helpful for students, researchers, businessmen, entrepreneurs as well as all people who are interested to know about textile. 


Warning: If you want to get any book from the following list then you must have to publish Article or Assignment or Project work in this blog for promoting purpose. Without these please don't send email.


Books on Technical Textile/Updated Textile

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. Textiles for Protection
  2. Advanced Textiles for Wound Care
  3. Advances in Fire Retardant Materials
  4. Advances in military textiles and personal equipment
  5. Advances in Textile Biotechnology
  6. Applications of Nonwovens in Technical Textiles
  7. Biodegradable and Sustainable Fibres
  8. Biologically Inspired Textiles
  9. Biomechanical Engineering of Textiles & Clothing
  10. Clothing Biosensory Engineering
  11. Coated & Laminated Textiles
  12. Ecotextiles The Way Forward for Sustainable Development in Textiles
  13. Engineering Textiles - Intergrating The Design and Manufacture of Textile Products
  14. Fibrous and Composite Materials for Civil Engineering Applications
  15. Friction in Textile Materials
  16. Functional Textiles for Improved Performance
  17. Hand book of medical textile
  18. Handbook of Geosynthetics
  19. Handbook of nonwovens
  20. Handbook of Sustainable Textile Production
  21. Handbook of Technical Textile
  22. Intelligent Textiles & Clothing
  23. Intelligent Textiles and Clothing for Ballistic and NBC Protection
  24. Intelligent Textiles for Personal Protection & Safety
  25. Interior Textiles - Design and Developments
  26. Military Textiles
  27. Modelling and Predicting Textile Behaviour
  28. Nanofibers and Nanotechnology in Textiles
  29. Performance of Home Textiles
  30. Plasma technologies for textiles
  31. Recycling in Textiles
  32. Recycling textile and plastic waste
  33. Shape Memory Polymer & Textiles
  34. Smart Clothes and Wearable Technology
  35. Smart Fibres, Fabrics & Clothing
  36. Smart Textile Coatings and Laminates
  37. Smart Textiles for Medicine & Healthcare - Materials, Systems & Applications
  38. Soft Computing in Textile Engineering
  39. Surface modification of textiles
  40. Sustainable Textiles - Life Cycle and Environmental Impact
  41. Textile Advances in The Automotive Industry
  42. Textile Processing with Enzymes
  43. Textiles for Cold Weather Apparel
  44. Textiles for Hygiene and Infection Control
  45. Textiles in Automotive Engineering
  46. Textiles in Sport
  47. Textiles, polymers and composites for buildings
  48. Training and development of technical staff in the textile industry
  49. Wearable Electronics & Photonics
  50. Weaving of 3D fabrics A critical appreciation of the developments
  51. Handbook of Tensile Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres
  52. Textile Reference Book of Nonwovens
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Coating Substrates and Textiles
  2. Geotextiles in transportation applications
  3. Biofunctional Textiles and the Skin
  4. Coated Textiles Principles and Applications
  5. Introduction to nanotechnology
  6. Advances in Construction Materials
  7. Coated Textile
  8. Engineering Use of GeoTextile
  9. Nanocomposite Science and Technology
  10. Health aspects of flame retardants in textile
  11. Technical Textile Class Notes
  12. Textile Composites and inflatable structures
  13. Adaptive and functional polymers, textiles and their applications
  14. Multifunctional Barriers for Flexible Structure
  15. Survey of technical textile

Books on Dyeing/Printing/Finishing

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. Handbook of Textile and Industrial Dyeing, Volume 1
  2. Handbook of Textile and Industrial Dyeing, Volume 2
  3. Basic Principles of Textile Coloration
  4. Fundamentals and Practices in Colouration of Textiles
  5. Total Colour Management in Textiles
  6. Recent Advances in Environmentally Compatible Polymers
  7. Environmental aspects of textile dyeing
  8. Colour Measurement - Principles, Advances and Industrial Applications
  9. Environmental Aspects of Textile Dyeing
  10. Environmental Impact of Textiles
  11. Handbook of Worsted Wool and Blended Suiting Process
  12. Chemical Finishing of Textiles
  13. Digital Printing of Textiles
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Chemical Technology in the Pre-Treatment Processes of Textiles,
  2. Functional Dyes
  3. Batchwise dyeing of cellolosic fabrics
  4. Blends dyeing
  5. Cellulosic dyeing
  6. Chemistry & Technology of fabric preparation & finishing
  7. Color in dye house effluent
  8. Colorants & auxiliaries volume (1)
  9. Colorants & auxiliaries volume (2)
  10. Color for textiles
  11. Dyeing and Chemical Technology of Textile Fibers
  12. Dyes & Pigments
  13. Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment
  14. Industrial Dyes
  15. Practical Dyeing Volume 1
  16. Practical Dyeing Volume 3
  17. Singeing fundamentals
  18. Textiles Dyeing and Printing-I
  19. Textile Dyeing and Printing-II
  20. The Chemistry of Dyeing
  21. Water recycling
  22. Wool dyeing
  23. Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment
  24. Colour Chemistry
  25. Encyclopedia Of Textile Finishing
  26. Reference book of Finishing
  27. Textile Finishing Chemicals
  28. Textile finishing
  29. Textile printing

Books on Fiber

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. High-performance fibres
  2. New Millennium Fibres
  3. Smart Fibres, Fabrics & Clothing
  4. Identification of Textile Fibers
  5. Physical Properties of Textile Fibres (4th Edition)
  6. Cotton Science and technology
  7. Physical properties of textile fibres
  8. Advanced Fiber Spinning Technology
  9. Advances In Polymer Science 178 - Polymeric & Inorganic Fibers
  10. Advances in Wool technology
  11. Atlas of Fibre Fracture and Damage to Textiles
  12. Bast and other plant fibres
  13. Biodegradable and Sustainable Fibres
  14. Fatigue Failure of Textile Fibres
  15. Handbook of Fibre Rope Technology
  16. Handbook of natural fibres volume1
  17. Handbook of natural fibres volume2
  18. Handbook of Tensile Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres
  19. Handbook of Textile Fibre Structure, Volume 1
  20. Handbook of Textile Fibre Structure, Volume 2
  21. Handbook of Worsted Wool and Blended Suiting Process
  22. Multifunctional Barriers for Flexible Structure
  23. Polyesters & Polyamides
  24. Regenerated Cellulose Fibers
  25. Silk, mohair, cashmere and other luxury fibres
  26. Synthetic Fibres - Nylon, Polyester,
  27. Wool - Science & Technology
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Dyeing and Chemical Technology of Textile Fibres 
  2. Natural fiber, Biopolymers and Biocomposites
  3. Fiber Dictionary
  4. Handbook of fiber chemistry
  5. Reference book for man made fibers 
  6. Surface Characteristics of Fibers & Textiles

Books on Spinning

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. Advances in yarn spinning technology
  2. Handbook of Yarn Production
  3. A Practical Guide to Quality Management in Spinning
  4. Advanced Fiber Spinning Technology
  5. Yarn Texturing Technology
  6. False twist textured yarns - Principles, processes and applications
  7. Fancy yarns
  8. High speed spinning of polyester and its blends with viscose
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Cotton Spinning Calculation and Yarn Cost
  2. Fundamentals of spun yarn technology
  3. Reference book for spinning
  4. Textile Calculation
  5. Yarn Count & Calculation

Books on Fabric/Design/Weaving/Knitting

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. Design & Manufacture of Textile Composites
  2. Advances in Carpet Manufacture
  3. Smart Fibres, Fabrics & Clothing
  4. Effect of Mechanical & Physical Properties on Fabric Hand
  5. Fundamentals of designing for textiles and other end uses
  6. Sizing in Clothing
  7. Structure & Mechanics of Woven Fabrics
  8. Woven Textile Structure - Theory and Applications
  9. Knitting Technology
  10. Advances in Knitting Technology
  11. Fundamentals and advances in knitting technology
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Nonwoven-Fabrics
  2. Handbook of Weaving
  3. Mastering Weave Structures
  4. Reference books of weaving
  5. Textile Sizing
  6. A Handbook of Weaves
  7. Fabric Structure Design
  8. Handbook of textile design
  9. Basics Fashion Design - Sourcing Ideas
  10. Basics Fashion Design - Textiles and Fashion
  11. Textile - Reference Book for Knitting 
  12. Nonwoven Technology

Books on Garments/Merchandising/Fashion

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. Advances in Apparel Production
  2. Industrial engineering in apparel production
  3. Computer Technology for Textiles and Apparel
  4. New product development in textiles
  5. Quality Characterization of Apparel
  6. Engineering Apparel Fabrics and Garments
  7. Humidification and Ventilation Management in Textile Industry
  8. Management of Technology Systems in Garment Industry
  9. Science in Clothing Comfort
  10. Sizing in Clothing
  11. Smart Clothes and Wearable Technology
  12. Smart Fibres, Fabrics & Clothing
  13. Soft Computing in Textile Engineering
  14. Statistics for textile and apparel management
  15. The global textile and clothing industry
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Understanding textile for a merchandiser 
  2. Lean Performance ERP Project
  3. Lean Manufacturing 
  4. ERP tools, techniques, and applications for integrating the supply chain
  5. Career in Textile and Fashion Designing
  6. Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion
  7. Beginning garment making
  8. Embroidering Identities- A Century of Palestinian Clothing
  9. Fashionable Technology
  10. Sewing machine classroom
  11. The Apparel Industry
  12. Yarn and cloth making 
  13. The Face of Fashion Cultural Studies of Fashion 
  14. Survey of historic costume
  15. Fashioning History
  16. Fashion Illustrator
  17. Fashion Accessories
  18. Fashion, Costume, and Culture
  19. Couture Culture A Study in Modern
  20. Basics Fashion Design Construction

Books on Textile Testing
  1. Fabric Testing
  2. Identification of Textile Fibers 
  3. Managing quality in the apparel industry
  4. Physical Testing of Textiles
  5. A Practical Guide to Quality Management in Spinning
  6. Chemical Testing of Textiles
  7. Effective Implementation of Quality Management Systems 
  8. Total Quality Management

Books on Textile Chemistry
  1. Shape Memory Polymer & Textiles
  2. Chemical Technology in the Pre-Treatment Processes of Textiles,
  3. Advances in Polymer Science
  4. Chemical Technology of Textile Fibres
  5. Chemistry & Technology of fabric preparation & finishing
  6. Chemistry of the Textile Industry
  7. Handbook of fiber chemistry
  8. The Chemistry of Dyeing
  9. Textile & Paper Chemistry & Technology
  10. Colour Chemistry

Other Books
  1. Textile Engineering
  2. Textiles Technology
  3. Advance in Textile Engineering
  4. Basic Textile Technology
  5. C Programme
  6. KOTLER - Marketing Management, Millennium Edition
  7. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning
  8. Textiles Industry
  9. The Italian textile machinery industry
Without of these books I have also many old books and huge collection of research papers, reports, presentations, assignments, project works. All things only for textile learners.

How to get Books?
For students, lecturers, professors who write good article there is a bonus. Please contact the editor.


Contact Details:
Mazharul Islam Kiron
Cell: +88 01724 752452
E-mail: textilelearners@gmail.com
Dhaka, Bangladesh






Stitch Length Measurement Procedure

Stitch Length Measurement Procedure
Rofiquzzaman Raju
Fabric Technologist,
B.J.Group, Mawna, Gazipur
Email: rtextile.finance@gmail.com



What is Stitch Length?
Stitch length is the width of the stitch made by a swing needle machine. It is usually expressed in millimeters, and ranges from 0 to 6 or 7 on most machines. The larger the number, the longer the stitch. The stitch length is measured by measuring the number of lengths of thread found within one inch.
Stitch length
Fig: Stitch length
Stitch Length Measurement Procedure
  • At first select or count 100 (hundred) wales and identify the both ends.
  • Then open or unroll one yarn and measure the length of unroll yarn that is identified.
Then stitch length is measured by following formula

Suppose,

Length of 100 wales s/j yarn = 142.2 mm

Stitch length = (284.4 ÷ 100) = 2.844 mm

Stitch Length Measurement of Normal (Three Thread) Fleece

No. of wales = 100 (Counted vidually on face side )

Length of grey melange yarn of 100 wales = 454 mm

Stitch length of grey melange yarn = ( 454÷100 ) mm = 4.54 mm

Length of polyester yarn for 100 wales = 280 mm

Stitch length of polyester yarn = ( 280÷100 ) mm = 2.80 mm

Length of Carded Ring yarn (10s )100 wales = 162 mm

Stitch length of Carded Ring yarn = ( 162÷100 ) mm = 1.62 mm

Determination of Yarn Percentage of Three Thread Fleece
  • At first take a sample of three thread fleece fabric.
  • Then unroll the yarn and keep them separately of same yarn.
  • Then measure the weight of total unrolled yarn and also measure the weight of each invidual unrolled yarn.
Then determine the each yarn percentage by following formula

Suppose,

A three thread fleece fabric consists of grey melange, polyester and carded yarn.

Total weight of different unrolled yarn = 0.94 gm

The unrolled grey melange yarn weight = 0.40 gm

The unrolled polyester yarn weight = 0.11 gm

The unrolled carded yarn weight = 0.43 gm

% of grey melange yarn = ( 0.40 ÷ 0.94 ) × 100 = 42.55

% of grey melange yarn = ( 0.11 ÷ 0.94 ) × 100 = 11.70

% of grey melange yarn = ( 0.43 ÷ 0.94 ) × 100 = 45.74

Productivity Improvement Factors in a Weaving Mill

Productivity Improvement Factors in a Weaving Mill
Engr. Kazi Zakaria Ahmed
M.Sc. in Applied Chemistry & Chemical Technology (IU), B.Sc. in Textile Engineering (DU)
Lecturer, Department of Garments & Textile Engineering
BCMC COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY, Jessore-7400, Bangladesh
Contact: +88 01925485428
E-mail: iamzakdude@gmail.com



Abstract
In this research discussed about some productivity improvement factors in a weaving mill. Productivity is an average measure of the efficiency of production. It can be expressed as the ratio of output to inputs used in the production process, i.e. output per unit of input. When all outputs and inputs are included in the productivity measure it is called total productivity. Outputs and inputs are defined in the total productivity measure as their economic values. The value of outputs minus the value of inputs is a measure of the income generated in a production process. It is a measure of total efficiency of a production process and as such the objective to be maximized in production process.

Keywords: Productivity, improvement factors, production, weaving productivity factors

Introduction
Productivity is essential in every sector. Productivity means more profit with less cost at the definite time. Everyone should play their own role in achieving better production rate in these working sectors. If productivity increased that means production efficiency has been increased. Many factors affect productivity. Some general categories for these factors are product, process, labor force, capacity, external influences, and quality.
Weaving mill
Fig: Weaving mill
METHODS
There are many factors involved which may improve the productivity in a weaving mill, but here we will focus on some specific areas. By working on these below mentioned factors, we can achieve our productivity goal.
  1. Efficiency of Machinery.
  2. Raw Materials.
  3. Labour.
  4. Manufacturing processes.
  5. Humidification.
  6. Energy Issue.
  7. Maintenance.
1. Efficiency of machinery
Productivity is greatly influenced by the machinery efficiency, if the machine has the latest or upgraded model then definitely the productivity will be high, multiphase loom and air jet loom has the highest weft insertion rate. If the machines have proper maintenance then, the breakage of weft yarn will be low. Breakage is the important factor to optimize the productivity, less breakage of weft yarn is the guarantee of more productivity ratio. In this competitive market many types of looms are available in the market but those looms are preferred whose yield is high and has best production results. If the machine runs without any stoppage then the production efficiency will be definitely increased.

2. Raw materials

It is observed that raw material quality has the key importance in production process, such as from where you are buying raw materials and who is your supplier? If your raw material is of high quality then the chances of breakage and error would be minimum. There will be cost factor issue in this regard because for high quality raw material you have to pay more but on the other hand this will compensate in the form of high production. So, Raw materials quality is an important factor for improvement productivity.

3. Labour
Labour motivation is important. Skilled labour and their capacity is also an important factor. Labour personal involvement sometimes dependent on company’s production. If the labours are well trained and aware of machine operations then production rate will be high. Labours carelessness or ignorance during production process affected the production efficiency. When machine stops due to breakage or any other reason than delay of restarting the machine has an impact on production. Sometimes it happens due to negligence of workers because they don’t start the machine at the right time. Furthermore, more labour on one machine cannot give the guarantee of high productivity while on the other side competent labour can give the better results.

4. Manufacturing processes
Productivity improvement also depends on the manufacturing processes. In weaving, various manufacturing processes and parameters are done to accomplishing the production such as warping, sizing, looming etc. If these processes are being completed at the right time with shift then the productivity will be increased because of the each single process have taken the definite time for manufacturing the product and enhancing the productivity. The control factors effecting the weaving shed efficiency. Weaving efficiency can be improved by monthly analyses of out of production hours and also checking weaver performance once a month. This will help you to increase weaving efficiency.

5. Humidification
In weaving shed, humidification factor has great impact on the production. In weaving process, the yarn faces different tensions and friction forces. So, temperature in this environment should be maintained. If the temperature is exceeded than the standard temp, then breakage will be increased and production efficiency will be decreased and as a result whole production will be disturbed. So, to overcome this situation temperature issue should be in your mind. This will provide the best operating conditions for machine operators.

6. Energy issue
In weaving, energy is used in terms of machines operations, for air conditioning, compressors and other production areas etc. Two types of energy sources are used in a weaving mill one is electrical energy and another is thermal energy. For machine operations, air conditioning and for illumination electrical energy is used but for sizing operation thermal energy is used. If you have previous version or old model loom then your energy consumption will be more as compare to the latest machinery. Latest machinery can save the energy consumption and definitely improve the production rate.

7. Maintenance
The main purpose of maintenance is to minimize the operating cost and to improve the quality and reduces the chances of stoppage of machine. In a weaving mill, generally work is being done in three shifts. Normally maintenance department is responsible for checking the machinery working condition. Due to proper maintenance, production quantity will be improved and manufacturing cost will be decreased.

DISCUSSION
From the above production analysis, it is easily analyzed that minimum change in those factors can affect production and cost. The research showed that there are many factors by which we can improve productivity, but emphasis was on one of the most important factor which yielded very important results. In the production of fabric we should keep many things in mind which can control and enhance the productivity parameters. Productivity can be enhanced by restructuring the each process or using fully automated machine. While producing fabric, quality of raw material or other parameters have their own importance. On the other hand, we should realize that without participation of each individual nothing can be done. So, companies should make the policies which are favorable and helpful to both managers and workers.

Conclusion
By using automated machinery, higher raw material quality, skilled labour and energy issues have an impact on production of fabric. If any company has an importance on these issues then, that company can survive in this competitive market in a better way. With the growth of production, the company earns more profit and can create more vacant positions for the new jobs to increase or install new machinery. For this they need more investment or capital and new labour will help in improving the productivity. In the textile sector the high profit with customer satisfaction is the key issue. Customers should be satisfied by the textile sector in order to retain a long term relationship with them. Customer’s trust must be kept on top priority by each and every company.

References
  1. Textiles: Fiber to fabric, Sixth edition, Bernard P. Corbman, 1987
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Productivity
  3. http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Productivity
  4. itru.net/fabric-manufacturing-productivity.htm 
 

Quality and the Garments Made in India

QUALITY AND THE GARMENTS MADE IN INDIA

R.S.BALAKUMAR
M.A. (SOCIOLOGY ), M.L.M.(Labour Management),
MBA (EXECUTIVE) in (FASHION-TECH), MISTE., Chennai, India
Cell: +91-9283182955
Email: rsbalakumar1953@gmail.com



It is well known fact that India is not considered a source of high quality, high priced (also called high value added) garments, primarily because of low quality of both the fabric and the apparel manufacturing. Not only that, even in low priced, low quality garments, quality leaves a great deal to be desired.

As the multi-fiber agreement (MFA) draws close by the year 2005 India will have to complete with all Asian and South East Asian countries on a competitive basis without the protection of quotas. According to Koshy the phase-out of MFA is expected to lead to receding prices, increasing competition, better price performance balance, quality price match, quick response and real-time merchandising and the need for higher levels of service.
Indian garments
Export of ready made garments plays a very significant role in Indian economy because it provides employment for hundreds of thousands of workers and earns about one third of the foreign exchange. Therefore, it is imperative that the quality of garments made in India improve. Perhaps, understanding why the quality of garments made in India is low will help find a way to improve quality and it will also help buyers understand what to expect from Indian garments.

The fabric production in India is organized in three distinct sectors, mills, power looms and hand looms. Power looms and hand looms are a significant source of fabrics for the apparel manufacturers in India. 
 
The reasons for low quality of power loom fabrics are:
  • The majority of the looms in power loom sector are ordinary looms (as opposed to automatic looms). These ordinary looms are generally reconditioned looms discarded by the mill sector. These looms are rarely serviced, leading to weaving problems. 
  • The quality of yarn available to the power loom sector or used by the power loom sector is low. For example, most cotton yarns are found to be rather dirty and nappy in appearance; there is a tendency to use higher twist factors, resulting in “lively” yarn upon wet processing; poor cleanliness and house keeping resulting in “fly” in the air which gets caught in the yarn, making it look dirty; tendency to spin cotton and polyester yarns on the same spinning frame resulting in polyester fiber getting deposited on cotton and vice versa which results in specky dyeing. 
  • Most fabrics are found to contain too many fabric defects such as missing picks, slubs, oil stains etc. In particular, the problem of oil stains is severe. All of these are related to condition of the looms, quality of yarn and house keeping. 
  • Variation of cotton from lot to lot or sometimes even within a lot results in variation in shade in dyeing. 
  • Gray fabrics are reported to shrink more during wet processing. This can be attributed to higher stretch of fabric on looms and use of high twist factors in spinning yarns. 
  • Markings on fabrics such as crayon marks, chalk marks, and stamping are many times not easily removed, resulting in fabric defects. 
  • Many loose threads from cropping and shearing are often found sticking to the fabric spoiling the quality of the dyed or printed fabric. 
  • Soiling and staining due to excessive moisture while packing is another problem. Excessive moisture also sometime results in mildew or other stains from sizing. 
  • Fabrics are not inspected properly before packing and that enough care is not taken during packing. 
  • Different piece lengths and number of pieces are packed in each bale which almost never do tally with the packing list/slip.
Based on the above it is clear what needs to be done to improve quality of fabric produced by the produced by the power loom sector. 
 
Here are some suggestions:
  • Selection of appropriate cotton fibers to produce quality yarn is necessary. The cotton fibers should have adequate maturity and the percentage of short fibers and trash should be minimized.
  • Looms should be maintained (serviced) on a regular basis.
  • Use of electronic clearer on each power loom will go a long way in increasing quality of fabric produced.
  • In order to reduce variation, fabric within the same lot should be woven on the looms with the same particulars.
  • Mix up of yarn count should be avoided when possible.
  • Color markings should be avoided when possible.
  • All looms and working space should be kept clear and clean.
  • In order to eliminate ‘fly’ in the air, suction devices should be used with proper return air system.
  • Material handling and storage racks should be provided so that fabric is not damaged during handling and storage.