Different Types of T-shirt with Lots of Graphics

Different Types of T-shirt with Lots of Graphics
Kiran Bhardwaj
B.Sc. in Fashion Designing
College of Home Science
Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India
Email: bhardwajkiran648@gmail.com

Graphic design, also known as communication design, is the art and practice of planning and projecting ideas and experiences with visual and textual content. The form of the communication can be physical or virtual, and may include images, words, or graphic forms. Such a communication form can be used in the most common and favorite attire of our wardroom i.e. the TEEs. We have seen many and have many printed tees, they could be either in picture form (the pictorial way) or the text form (the typography). These tees were seen first between the Spanish-American war and 1913, when the U.S. Navy began issuing them as undergarments. A T-shirt (or tee shirt, or tee) is a style of fabric shirt, named after the T shape of the body and sleeves. It is normally associated with short sleeves, a round neck line known as a crew neck, with no collar. Often boys in olden times wore them while doing chores and playing outside, eventually opening up the idea of wearing them as general-purpose casual clothing.
Fig: T-shirt
Printed T-shirt is favorite clothing among the youngsters. They often use their clothing to portray their personality and style. T shirts with different designs and patterns and vibrant colors helps them just with that. With changing time and fashion, these T shirts have also seen a lot of changes. There have been many innovations and technological advances in t-shirt printing that has made this clothing even more modern and popular among people of all age groups.  
Printing: Done with the help of mesh based screen either manually or with help of machines, using different color base as the requirement may be. It can also be done with impressing or embossing or heat transfers.

Embroidery: T shirts are made with embroidery and appliqué work also.

Dye Sublimation: To print full colors designs on light colored T shirts, the dye sublimation method is considered best. However this method is a bit more expensive than the other methods and cannot be used for most of the natural fabric as it is mostly suitable for fabrics like polyester.
Dye sublimation on t-shirt
Dye sublimation on t-shirt
Computerized Printing: Using computerized printing methods for printed T shirts is best for small orders as this method is suitable to print complex designs and multi colors. Heat is used to stick cut vinyl onto a paper and later heat pressed on the fabric. This type of print is of high quality, durable and can be used easily to customize different T shirts.

Direct Printing: Another simple method of printing which is most commonly used at homes is direct printing on the fabric. In this method different types of inks are directly applied onto the cloth by hand to get the desired results. This method reduces various steps included in other printing methods. The design patterns in direct printing does not have heavy feel like screen printing. However it is a little difficult to cover a large area of the cloth in this method and cloth itself is the brightest part of the design.

Based on different types of graphics tees can be classified into:-

1. Abstract tees:- Abstract T shirts, tank tops, sweatshirts, phone cases and art prints are a blend of shapes, colors and lines. Abstract designs do not have much subject matter; rather the design is more about color and pattern. This leads to energetic design, unusual, color patterns and enticing line work.
Abstract tees
Abstract tees
2. Animal’s tees:- There are plenty of animal T shirts of birds, cats, sharks, dinosaurs and butterfly designs.
Animal’s tees
Animal’s tees
3. Anime tees:- These are the comics with character. These are original characters that star in their own movie, comic book, or cartoon.
Anime tees
Anime tees
4. Character tees:- A monkey in outer space, a penguin with headphones, here you can find tee with different characters .
Character tees
Character tees
5. Comic tees:- Bang! Splat…. Comic designs are always popular with the cartoon and narrative style. There are tons of custom characters and great story lines in these comic T shirts, tank tops, sweatshirts, phone cases and art prints.
Comic tees
6. Food & Drink tees:- Get our hands on our deliciously juicy apparel, phone cases and art prints featuring some yummy food and tasty drinks.
 Food & Drink tees
Food & Drink tees
7. Funny tees:- There are thousands of funny T shirts, tank tops, sweatshirts, phone cases and art prints on the internet and in the retail stores. But are they really that funny?
Funny tees
Funny tees
8. Games tees:- Are you a Mario, Zelda, or Pokémon fanatic? There are so many classic and new gaming T shirts, tank tops, sweatshirts, phone cases and art prints.
Games tees
Games tees
9. Geometric tees:- The latest trend setter this year, geometric T shirts prints are built with triangles, shapes, line patterns and geometry.
Geometric tees
Geometric tees
10. Illustrative tees: Illustrative T shirts prints have that hand drawn effect. Most of them are brilliantly hand drawn and then rendered into digital art.
Illustrative T shirts
Illustrative T-shirts
11. Modern tees:
Modern tees
Modern tees
12. Music tees:- Orchestrate harmonies of sound through these music T shirts, tank tops, sweatshirts, phone cases and art prints, from robots made out of stereos, to swinging on cassette tape; if you are into sound waves then theses musical themed designs are for you.
Music tees
Music tees
13. Retro tees:- These tee are setting new trend in this year 2016. Retro T shirts prints have a mix between the modern and vintage looks. The post modern designs have classic themes with modern style designs.
Retro tees
Retro tees
14. Street art tees:- Street art includes the urban tattoo styles and graffiti on well designed T shirts, tank tops, sweatshirts, phone cases and art prints.
Street art tees
Street art tees
15. Typography tees:- This includes the newspaper, the script, the handwriting and written word. These typography T shirts feature letters, numbers and the alphabets as designs for printing.
 Typography tees
Typography tees
16. Vintage tees:- Now in latest fashion trend.
Vintage tees
Vintage tees
Vintage T shirts from the old school, the pure classic styles that made it through time still have a success story. The slightly worn look is a trendy industry style from way back.

If you do decide to try a trend, make sure it’s a good fit for your project and audience. Or just save most of your experimentation for personal projects.

Drafting and Cutting Process of Walking Breeches

Drafting and Cutting Details of Walking Breeches

M.A. (SOCIOLOGY ), M.L.M.(Labour Management),
Cell: +91-9283182955
Email: rsbalakumar1953@gmail.com

Walking breeches:

Many gentlemen like to wear these walking breeches. The feature of this garment is designed with more ease and as well as the comfort to the wearer. In the waist to hip portion considerable amount of ease is included in this wear. In western countries men and women prefer to wear this active wear for longer period and in recent time people belongs to hilly areas mostly prepared to wear this wear in and around the world.
walking breeches
Walking breeches
Measurements Required:
  • side seam = 43”,
  • inside leg = 31”,
  • waist = 32”,
  • seat = 38”,
  • knee = 141/2,
  • small = 13,
  • calf = 14”,
  • working scale = 19”.
Drafting Process of Walking Breeches:
Drafting of Breeches
Fig: Drafting of Breeches
Draft Details of Top Side:

Square lines from 0.
  • 1-0 = 1/3rd scale.
  • 1-2 = 1/6 thw.scale.
  • 3-2 = 1/6th scale+1/4.
  • 4-3 = 3/4 Inch.
Square up from 2 to6, the amount of the body-rise.12 1/2 inch. 5-2 is 1/3rdw, scale plus ¼”

6-7 = 2”drop ½ “ from 6 as shown in above fig.

Square out from 6 and 7 from 7 is half waist measure , “spring” out about 3/8 “ from 8 to 9.

A from 2 , diagonally , is half 2-3 plus ¼ “ shape the front , 7-5-A-3. Square downwards from 1 to fix the centre line.

10 from 1 is 1” .for the little extra length required in these garments
11 from 10ia half leg measure less 2”.
12 from 11 is 2 ½ “ 13 from 12 is 3.
14 from 11 is 1”; square down to locate 15.
B from 11 is ¼ knee ; 6 from 12 ia ¼ small ; D from 13 is ¼ calf.
16 from 0 is 1 ¾ “ ; draw aline from 16 to 14.

On this line 17 is midway between 14 and 16 ; mark out about 2” . to J . [ This amount may be varied to taste]. The topside is now complete ; take out “dress” as dot – dash lines.

Draft Details of Underside:

Using B as pivot, sweep out from 3 to 18.

18 from 3 is 1/12 scale plus ¼”.

Draw the seat line from 4 through 5 to 20 , making the last point 1/6 scale plus 1” . above H , located on the original top line of the topside.

Mark out 3/8” at 20 and shape the seat-seam from this point through 19

[2” below 20] and H , as shown ; continue through 5 and hollow from this point down to 18 , indicated.

Draw two lines from point ½” above 8 and 9, respectively, to locate 21 and 22.

Now measure the topside waist from 7 to 8 , place this amount at 19 and continue to 21 , half the waist measure plus 2” ; make 3/8” “spring “ to 22. These points are best fixed by placing the angle of square at the best fixed by placing the angle of square at seat line at points 19 and 20.

M from 20 is 1 ½ “ ; K from M is 1”.

Measure from B to 14, place this amount at B again and continue to 24 the knee measure plus 1 “.

Measure from C to L and from D to 15 in the same way , placing the amounts as described and continuing to 25 and 26 , apply small and calf measures plus 1 “.

P and N are ½” below the knee line for the back cut; connect these points with slight hollow.

Draw the underline leg-seam from 18 to F, which is about ½ “ in from N and ¼” below it .

23 from 16 is 2” .measure along the contour 16 -J-14 of the top side and make the same distance, less ¾ “m from 13 to27.

E from 11 is 1” Measure along the contour N-P and make F-E-27 the same. The run of this contour should cross the line at 28 , half the knee measure from N .

Place balance marks at the side , equal distance from 16 and 23. the topside is fulled into the underside where indicated by the wavy line.  

Free Download Latest Books on Technical Textile, Fiber, Spinning, Fabric, Weaving, Knitting, Garments, Fashion, Design, Dyeing, Printing and Finishing

Textile is the ancient branch of engineering. Now textile engineering study is becoming more demand-able then before. Because textiles have not only used for wearing but also hugely used in different sectors like as technical textile. Many research works are being done on textile. But doing research anything it needs huge information. Books have not alternative of information. But price of every book is out of range such like us third world country’s people. For fulfillment the demand of information I will give a list of textile books. All books I have collected from my friends and fans who are studying in different famous universities around the world. I think these books will be helpful for students, researchers, businessmen, entrepreneurs as well as all people who are interested to know about textile. 

Warning: If you want to get any book from the following list then you must have to publish Article or Assignment or Project work in this blog for promoting purpose. Without these please don't send email.

Books on Technical Textile/Updated Textile

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. Textiles for Protection
  2. Advanced Textiles for Wound Care
  3. Advances in Fire Retardant Materials
  4. Advances in military textiles and personal equipment
  5. Advances in Textile Biotechnology
  6. Applications of Nonwovens in Technical Textiles
  7. Biodegradable and Sustainable Fibres
  8. Biologically Inspired Textiles
  9. Biomechanical Engineering of Textiles & Clothing
  10. Clothing Biosensory Engineering
  11. Coated & Laminated Textiles
  12. Ecotextiles The Way Forward for Sustainable Development in Textiles
  13. Engineering Textiles - Intergrating The Design and Manufacture of Textile Products
  14. Fibrous and Composite Materials for Civil Engineering Applications
  15. Friction in Textile Materials
  16. Functional Textiles for Improved Performance
  17. Hand book of medical textile
  18. Handbook of Geosynthetics
  19. Handbook of nonwovens
  20. Handbook of Sustainable Textile Production
  21. Handbook of Technical Textile
  22. Intelligent Textiles & Clothing
  23. Intelligent Textiles and Clothing for Ballistic and NBC Protection
  24. Intelligent Textiles for Personal Protection & Safety
  25. Interior Textiles - Design and Developments
  26. Military Textiles
  27. Modelling and Predicting Textile Behaviour
  28. Nanofibers and Nanotechnology in Textiles
  29. Performance of Home Textiles
  30. Plasma technologies for textiles
  31. Recycling in Textiles
  32. Recycling textile and plastic waste
  33. Shape Memory Polymer & Textiles
  34. Smart Clothes and Wearable Technology
  35. Smart Fibres, Fabrics & Clothing
  36. Smart Textile Coatings and Laminates
  37. Smart Textiles for Medicine & Healthcare - Materials, Systems & Applications
  38. Soft Computing in Textile Engineering
  39. Surface modification of textiles
  40. Sustainable Textiles - Life Cycle and Environmental Impact
  41. Textile Advances in The Automotive Industry
  42. Textile Processing with Enzymes
  43. Textiles for Cold Weather Apparel
  44. Textiles for Hygiene and Infection Control
  45. Textiles in Automotive Engineering
  46. Textiles in Sport
  47. Textiles, polymers and composites for buildings
  48. Training and development of technical staff in the textile industry
  49. Wearable Electronics & Photonics
  50. Weaving of 3D fabrics A critical appreciation of the developments
  51. Handbook of Tensile Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres
  52. Textile Reference Book of Nonwovens
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Coating Substrates and Textiles
  2. Geotextiles in transportation applications
  3. Biofunctional Textiles and the Skin
  4. Coated Textiles Principles and Applications
  5. Introduction to nanotechnology
  6. Advances in Construction Materials
  7. Coated Textile
  8. Engineering Use of GeoTextile
  9. Nanocomposite Science and Technology
  10. Health aspects of flame retardants in textile
  11. Technical Textile Class Notes
  12. Textile Composites and inflatable structures
  13. Adaptive and functional polymers, textiles and their applications
  14. Multifunctional Barriers for Flexible Structure
  15. Survey of technical textile

Books on Dyeing/Printing/Finishing

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. Handbook of Textile and Industrial Dyeing, Volume 1
  2. Handbook of Textile and Industrial Dyeing, Volume 2
  3. Basic Principles of Textile Coloration
  4. Fundamentals and Practices in Colouration of Textiles
  5. Total Colour Management in Textiles
  6. Recent Advances in Environmentally Compatible Polymers
  7. Environmental aspects of textile dyeing
  8. Colour Measurement - Principles, Advances and Industrial Applications
  9. Environmental Aspects of Textile Dyeing
  10. Environmental Impact of Textiles
  11. Handbook of Worsted Wool and Blended Suiting Process
  12. Chemical Finishing of Textiles
  13. Digital Printing of Textiles
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Chemical Technology in the Pre-Treatment Processes of Textiles,
  2. Functional Dyes
  3. Batchwise dyeing of cellolosic fabrics
  4. Blends dyeing
  5. Cellulosic dyeing
  6. Chemistry & Technology of fabric preparation & finishing
  7. Color in dye house effluent
  8. Colorants & auxiliaries volume (1)
  9. Colorants & auxiliaries volume (2)
  10. Color for textiles
  11. Dyeing and Chemical Technology of Textile Fibers
  12. Dyes & Pigments
  13. Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment
  14. Industrial Dyes
  15. Practical Dyeing Volume 1
  16. Practical Dyeing Volume 3
  17. Singeing fundamentals
  18. Textiles Dyeing and Printing-I
  19. Textile Dyeing and Printing-II
  20. The Chemistry of Dyeing
  21. Water recycling
  22. Wool dyeing
  23. Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment
  24. Colour Chemistry
  25. Encyclopedia Of Textile Finishing
  26. Reference book of Finishing
  27. Textile Finishing Chemicals
  28. Textile finishing
  29. Textile printing

Books on Fiber

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. High-performance fibres
  2. New Millennium Fibres
  3. Smart Fibres, Fabrics & Clothing
  4. Identification of Textile Fibers
  5. Physical Properties of Textile Fibres (4th Edition)
  6. Cotton Science and technology
  7. Physical properties of textile fibres
  8. Advanced Fiber Spinning Technology
  9. Advances In Polymer Science 178 - Polymeric & Inorganic Fibers
  10. Advances in Wool technology
  11. Atlas of Fibre Fracture and Damage to Textiles
  12. Bast and other plant fibres
  13. Biodegradable and Sustainable Fibres
  14. Fatigue Failure of Textile Fibres
  15. Handbook of Fibre Rope Technology
  16. Handbook of natural fibres volume1
  17. Handbook of natural fibres volume2
  18. Handbook of Tensile Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres
  19. Handbook of Textile Fibre Structure, Volume 1
  20. Handbook of Textile Fibre Structure, Volume 2
  21. Handbook of Worsted Wool and Blended Suiting Process
  22. Multifunctional Barriers for Flexible Structure
  23. Polyesters & Polyamides
  24. Regenerated Cellulose Fibers
  25. Silk, mohair, cashmere and other luxury fibres
  26. Synthetic Fibres - Nylon, Polyester,
  27. Wool - Science & Technology
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Dyeing and Chemical Technology of Textile Fibres 
  2. Natural fiber, Biopolymers and Biocomposites
  3. Fiber Dictionary
  4. Handbook of fiber chemistry
  5. Reference book for man made fibers 
  6. Surface Characteristics of Fibers & Textiles

Books on Spinning

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. Advances in yarn spinning technology
  2. Handbook of Yarn Production
  3. A Practical Guide to Quality Management in Spinning
  4. Advanced Fiber Spinning Technology
  5. Yarn Texturing Technology
  6. False twist textured yarns - Principles, processes and applications
  7. Fancy yarns
  8. High speed spinning of polyester and its blends with viscose
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Cotton Spinning Calculation and Yarn Cost
  2. Fundamentals of spun yarn technology
  3. Reference book for spinning
  4. Textile Calculation
  5. Yarn Count & Calculation

Books on Fabric/Design/Weaving/Knitting

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. Design & Manufacture of Textile Composites
  2. Advances in Carpet Manufacture
  3. Smart Fibres, Fabrics & Clothing
  4. Effect of Mechanical & Physical Properties on Fabric Hand
  5. Fundamentals of designing for textiles and other end uses
  6. Sizing in Clothing
  7. Structure & Mechanics of Woven Fabrics
  8. Woven Textile Structure - Theory and Applications
  9. Knitting Technology
  10. Advances in Knitting Technology
  11. Fundamentals and advances in knitting technology
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Nonwoven-Fabrics
  2. Handbook of Weaving
  3. Mastering Weave Structures
  4. Reference books of weaving
  5. Textile Sizing
  6. A Handbook of Weaves
  7. Fabric Structure Design
  8. Handbook of textile design
  9. Basics Fashion Design - Sourcing Ideas
  10. Basics Fashion Design - Textiles and Fashion
  11. Textile - Reference Book for Knitting 
  12. Nonwoven Technology

Books on Garments/Merchandising/Fashion

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. Advances in Apparel Production
  2. Industrial engineering in apparel production
  3. Computer Technology for Textiles and Apparel
  4. New product development in textiles
  5. Quality Characterization of Apparel
  6. Engineering Apparel Fabrics and Garments
  7. Humidification and Ventilation Management in Textile Industry
  8. Management of Technology Systems in Garment Industry
  9. Science in Clothing Comfort
  10. Sizing in Clothing
  11. Smart Clothes and Wearable Technology
  12. Smart Fibres, Fabrics & Clothing
  13. Soft Computing in Textile Engineering
  14. Statistics for textile and apparel management
  15. The global textile and clothing industry
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Understanding textile for a merchandiser 
  2. Lean Performance ERP Project
  3. Lean Manufacturing 
  4. ERP tools, techniques, and applications for integrating the supply chain
  5. Career in Textile and Fashion Designing
  6. Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion
  7. Beginning garment making
  8. Embroidering Identities- A Century of Palestinian Clothing
  9. Fashionable Technology
  10. Sewing machine classroom
  11. The Apparel Industry
  12. Yarn and cloth making 
  13. The Face of Fashion Cultural Studies of Fashion 
  14. Survey of historic costume
  15. Fashioning History
  16. Fashion Illustrator
  17. Fashion Accessories
  18. Fashion, Costume, and Culture
  19. Couture Culture A Study in Modern
  20. Basics Fashion Design Construction

Books on Textile Testing
  1. Fabric Testing
  2. Identification of Textile Fibers 
  3. Managing quality in the apparel industry
  4. Physical Testing of Textiles
  5. A Practical Guide to Quality Management in Spinning
  6. Chemical Testing of Textiles
  7. Effective Implementation of Quality Management Systems 
  8. Total Quality Management

Books on Textile Chemistry
  1. Shape Memory Polymer & Textiles
  2. Chemical Technology in the Pre-Treatment Processes of Textiles,
  3. Advances in Polymer Science
  4. Chemical Technology of Textile Fibres
  5. Chemistry & Technology of fabric preparation & finishing
  6. Chemistry of the Textile Industry
  7. Handbook of fiber chemistry
  8. The Chemistry of Dyeing
  9. Textile & Paper Chemistry & Technology
  10. Colour Chemistry

Other Books
  1. Textile Engineering
  2. Textiles Technology
  3. Advance in Textile Engineering
  4. Basic Textile Technology
  5. C Programme
  6. KOTLER - Marketing Management, Millennium Edition
  7. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning
  8. Textiles Industry
  9. The Italian textile machinery industry
Without of these books I have also many old books and huge collection of research papers, reports, presentations, assignments, project works. All things only for textile learners.

How to get Books?
For students, lecturers, professors who write good article there is a bonus. Please contact the editor.

Contact Details:
Mazharul Islam Kiron
Cell: +88 01724 752452
E-mail: textilelearners@gmail.com
Dhaka, Bangladesh

Stitch Length Measurement Procedure

Stitch Length Measurement Procedure
Rofiquzzaman Raju
Fabric Technologist,
B.J.Group, Mawna, Gazipur
Email: rtextile.finance@gmail.com

What is Stitch Length?
Stitch length is the width of the stitch made by a swing needle machine. It is usually expressed in millimeters, and ranges from 0 to 6 or 7 on most machines. The larger the number, the longer the stitch. The stitch length is measured by measuring the number of lengths of thread found within one inch.
Stitch length
Fig: Stitch length
Stitch Length Measurement Procedure
  • At first select or count 100 (hundred) wales and identify the both ends.
  • Then open or unroll one yarn and measure the length of unroll yarn that is identified.
Then stitch length is measured by following formula


Length of 100 wales s/j yarn = 142.2 mm

Stitch length = (284.4 ÷ 100) = 2.844 mm

Stitch Length Measurement of Normal (Three Thread) Fleece

No. of wales = 100 (Counted vidually on face side )

Length of grey melange yarn of 100 wales = 454 mm

Stitch length of grey melange yarn = ( 454÷100 ) mm = 4.54 mm

Length of polyester yarn for 100 wales = 280 mm

Stitch length of polyester yarn = ( 280÷100 ) mm = 2.80 mm

Length of Carded Ring yarn (10s )100 wales = 162 mm

Stitch length of Carded Ring yarn = ( 162÷100 ) mm = 1.62 mm

Determination of Yarn Percentage of Three Thread Fleece
  • At first take a sample of three thread fleece fabric.
  • Then unroll the yarn and keep them separately of same yarn.
  • Then measure the weight of total unrolled yarn and also measure the weight of each invidual unrolled yarn.
Then determine the each yarn percentage by following formula


A three thread fleece fabric consists of grey melange, polyester and carded yarn.

Total weight of different unrolled yarn = 0.94 gm

The unrolled grey melange yarn weight = 0.40 gm

The unrolled polyester yarn weight = 0.11 gm

The unrolled carded yarn weight = 0.43 gm

% of grey melange yarn = ( 0.40 ÷ 0.94 ) × 100 = 42.55

% of grey melange yarn = ( 0.11 ÷ 0.94 ) × 100 = 11.70

% of grey melange yarn = ( 0.43 ÷ 0.94 ) × 100 = 45.74