Free Download Latest Books on Technical Textile, Fiber, Spinning, Fabric, Weaving, Knitting, Garments, Fashion, Design, Dyeing, Printing and Finishing

Textile is the ancient branch of engineering. Now textile engineering study is becoming more demand-able then before. Because textiles have not only used for wearing but also hugely used in different sectors like as technical textile. Many research works are being done on textile. But doing research anything it needs huge information. Books have not alternative of information. But price of every book is out of range such like us third world country’s people. For fulfillment the demand of information I will give a list of textile books. All books I have collected from my friends and fans who are studying in different famous universities around the world. I think these books will be helpful for students, researchers, businessmen, entrepreneurs as well as all people who are interested to know about textile. 


Warning: If you want to get any book from the following list then you must have to publish Article or Assignment or Project work in this blog for promoting purpose. Without these please don't send email.


Books on Technical Textile/Updated Textile

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. Textiles for Protection
  2. Advanced Textiles for Wound Care
  3. Advances in Fire Retardant Materials
  4. Advances in military textiles and personal equipment
  5. Advances in Textile Biotechnology
  6. Applications of Nonwovens in Technical Textiles
  7. Biodegradable and Sustainable Fibres
  8. Biologically Inspired Textiles
  9. Biomechanical Engineering of Textiles & Clothing
  10. Clothing Biosensory Engineering
  11. Coated & Laminated Textiles
  12. Ecotextiles The Way Forward for Sustainable Development in Textiles
  13. Engineering Textiles - Intergrating The Design and Manufacture of Textile Products
  14. Fibrous and Composite Materials for Civil Engineering Applications
  15. Friction in Textile Materials
  16. Functional Textiles for Improved Performance
  17. Hand book of medical textile
  18. Handbook of Geosynthetics
  19. Handbook of nonwovens
  20. Handbook of Sustainable Textile Production
  21. Handbook of Technical Textile
  22. Intelligent Textiles & Clothing
  23. Intelligent Textiles and Clothing for Ballistic and NBC Protection
  24. Intelligent Textiles for Personal Protection & Safety
  25. Interior Textiles - Design and Developments
  26. Military Textiles
  27. Modelling and Predicting Textile Behaviour
  28. Nanofibers and Nanotechnology in Textiles
  29. Performance of Home Textiles
  30. Plasma technologies for textiles
  31. Recycling in Textiles
  32. Recycling textile and plastic waste
  33. Shape Memory Polymer & Textiles
  34. Smart Clothes and Wearable Technology
  35. Smart Fibres, Fabrics & Clothing
  36. Smart Textile Coatings and Laminates
  37. Smart Textiles for Medicine & Healthcare - Materials, Systems & Applications
  38. Soft Computing in Textile Engineering
  39. Surface modification of textiles
  40. Sustainable Textiles - Life Cycle and Environmental Impact
  41. Textile Advances in The Automotive Industry
  42. Textile Processing with Enzymes
  43. Textiles for Cold Weather Apparel
  44. Textiles for Hygiene and Infection Control
  45. Textiles in Automotive Engineering
  46. Textiles in Sport
  47. Textiles, polymers and composites for buildings
  48. Training and development of technical staff in the textile industry
  49. Wearable Electronics & Photonics
  50. Weaving of 3D fabrics A critical appreciation of the developments
  51. Handbook of Tensile Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres
  52. Textile Reference Book of Nonwovens
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Coating Substrates and Textiles
  2. Geotextiles in transportation applications
  3. Biofunctional Textiles and the Skin
  4. Coated Textiles Principles and Applications
  5. Introduction to nanotechnology
  6. Advances in Construction Materials
  7. Coated Textile
  8. Engineering Use of GeoTextile
  9. Nanocomposite Science and Technology
  10. Health aspects of flame retardants in textile
  11. Technical Textile Class Notes
  12. Textile Composites and inflatable structures
  13. Adaptive and functional polymers, textiles and their applications
  14. Multifunctional Barriers for Flexible Structure
  15. Survey of technical textile

Books on Dyeing/Printing/Finishing

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. Handbook of Textile and Industrial Dyeing, Volume 1
  2. Handbook of Textile and Industrial Dyeing, Volume 2
  3. Basic Principles of Textile Coloration
  4. Fundamentals and Practices in Colouration of Textiles
  5. Total Colour Management in Textiles
  6. Recent Advances in Environmentally Compatible Polymers
  7. Environmental aspects of textile dyeing
  8. Colour Measurement - Principles, Advances and Industrial Applications
  9. Environmental Aspects of Textile Dyeing
  10. Environmental Impact of Textiles
  11. Handbook of Worsted Wool and Blended Suiting Process
  12. Chemical Finishing of Textiles
  13. Digital Printing of Textiles
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Chemical Technology in the Pre-Treatment Processes of Textiles,
  2. Functional Dyes
  3. Batchwise dyeing of cellolosic fabrics
  4. Blends dyeing
  5. Cellulosic dyeing
  6. Chemistry & Technology of fabric preparation & finishing
  7. Color in dye house effluent
  8. Colorants & auxiliaries volume (1)
  9. Colorants & auxiliaries volume (2)
  10. Color for textiles
  11. Dyeing and Chemical Technology of Textile Fibers
  12. Dyes & Pigments
  13. Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment
  14. Industrial Dyes
  15. Practical Dyeing Volume 1
  16. Practical Dyeing Volume 3
  17. Singeing fundamentals
  18. Textiles Dyeing and Printing-I
  19. Textile Dyeing and Printing-II
  20. The Chemistry of Dyeing
  21. Water recycling
  22. Wool dyeing
  23. Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment
  24. Colour-Chemistry
  25. Encyclopedia Of Textile Finishing
  26. Reference book of Finishing
  27. Textile Finishing Chemicals
  28. Textile finishing
  29. Textile printing

Books on Fiber

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. High-performance fibres
  2. New Millennium Fibres
  3. Smart Fibres, Fabrics & Clothing
  4. Identification of Textile Fibers
  5. Physical Properties of Textile Fibres (4th Edition)
  6. Cotton Science and technology
  7. Physical properties of textile fibres
  8. Advanced Fiber Spinning Technology
  9. Advances In Polymer Science 178 - Polymeric & Inorganic Fibers
  10. Advances in Wool technology
  11. Atlas of Fibre Fracture and Damage to Textiles
  12. Bast and other plant fibres
  13. Biodegradable and Sustainable Fibres
  14. Fatigue Failure of Textile Fibres
  15. Handbook of Fibre Rope Technology
  16. Handbook of natural fibres volume1
  17. Handbook of natural fibres volume2
  18. Handbook of Tensile Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres
  19. Handbook of Textile Fibre Structure, Volume 1
  20. Handbook of Textile Fibre Structure, Volume 2
  21. Handbook of Worsted Wool and Blended Suiting Process
  22. Multifunctional Barriers for Flexible Structure
  23. Polyesters & Polyamides
  24. Regenerated Cellulose Fibers
  25. Silk, mohair, cashmere and other luxury fibres
  26. Synthetic Fibres - Nylon, Polyester,
  27. Wool - Science & Technology
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Dyeing and Chemical Technology of Textile Fibres
  2. Fiber Dictionary
  3. Handbook of fiber chemistry
  4. Reference book for man made fibers

Books on Spinning

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. Advances in yarn spinning technology
  2. Handbook of Yarn Production
  3. A Practical Guide to Quality Management in Spinning
  4. Advanced Fiber Spinning Technology
  5. Yarn Texturing Technology
  6. False twist textured yarns - Principles, processes and applications
  7. Fancy yarns
  8. High speed spinning of polyester and its blends with viscose
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Cotton Spinning Calculation and Yarn Cost
  2. Fundamentals-of-spun-yarn-technology
  3. Reference book for spinning
  4. Textile calculation
  5. Yarn count & Calculation

Books on Fabric/Design/Weaving/Knitting

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. Design & Manufacture of Textile Composites
  2. Advances in Carpet Manufacture
  3. Smart Fibres, Fabrics & Clothing
  4. Effect of Mechanical & Physical Properties on Fabric Hand
  5. Fundamentals of designing for textiles and other end uses
  6. Sizing in Clothing
  7. Structure & Mechanics of Woven Fabrics
  8. Woven Textile Structure - Theory and Applications
  9. Knitting Technology
  10. Advances in Knitting Technology
  11. Fundamentals and advances in knitting technology
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Nonwoven-Fabrics
  2. Handbook of Weaving
  3. Mastering Weave Structures
  4. Reference books of weaving
  5. Textile Sizing
  6. A Handbook of Weaves
  7. Fabric Structure Design
  8. Handbook of textile design
  9. Basics Fashion Design - Sourcing Ideas
  10. Basics Fashion Design - Textiles and Fashion
  11. Textile - Reference Book for Knitting

Books on Garments/Merchandising/Fashion

Woodhead Publishing Series Books:
  1. Advances in Apparel Production
  2. Industrial engineering in apparel production
  3. Computer Technology for Textiles and Apparel
  4. New product development in textiles
  5. Quality Characterization of Apparel
  6. Engineering Apparel Fabrics and Garments
  7. Humidification and Ventilation Management in Textile Industry
  8. Management of Technology Systems in Garment Industry
  9. Science in Clothing Comfort
  10. Sizing in Clothing
  11. Smart Clothes and Wearable Technology
  12. Smart Fibres, Fabrics & Clothing
  13. Soft Computing in Textile Engineering
  14. Statistics for textile and apparel management
  15. The global textile and clothing industry
Another Publishing Series Books:
  1. Understanding textile for a merchandiser
  2. Career in Textile and Fashion Designing
  3. Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion
  4. Beginning garment making
  5. Embroidering Identities- A Century of Palestinian Clothing
  6. Fashionable Technology
  7. Sewing machine classroom
  8. The Apparel Industry
  9. Yarn and cloth making

Books on Textile Testing
  1. Fabric Testing
  2. Identification of Textile Fibers
  3. Physical Testing of Textiles
  4. A Practical Guide to Quality Management in Spinning
  5. Chemical Testing of Textiles
  6. Effective Implementation of Quality Management Systems

Books on Textile Chemistry
  1. Shape Memory Polymer & Textiles
  2. Chemical Technology in the Pre-Treatment Processes of Textiles,
  3. Advances in Polymer Science
  4. Chemical_Technology_of_Textile_Fibres
  5. Chemistry & Technology of fabric preparation & finishing
  6. Chemistry of the Textile Industry
  7. Handbook of fiber chemistry
  8. The_Chemistry_of_Dyeing
  9. Textile & Paper Chemistry & Technology
  10. Colour-Chemistry

Other Books
  1. Textile Engineering
  2. Textiles Technology
  3. Advance in Textile Engineering
  4. Basic Textile Technology
  5. C programme
  6. KOTLER - Marketing Management, Millennium Edition
  7. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning
  8. Textiles Industry
  9. The italian textile machinery industry
Without of these books I have also many old books and huge collection of research papers, reports, presentations, assignments, project works. All things only for textile learners.

How to get Books?
For students, lecturers, professors who write good article there is a bonus. Please contact the editor.


Contact Details:
Mazharul Islam Kiron
Cell: +88 01724 752452
E-mail: textilelearners@gmail.com
Dhaka, Bangladesh








Lean Manufacturing Process in Garments Production

Lean Manufacturing Process in Garments Production
(The New Era in Bangladesh Garments Production)
Imran Khan Emon
Lecturer & Coordinator
Department of Textile Engineering
Atish Dipankar University of Science & Technology
E-mail: emonlam9@gmail.com



Abstract: 
The manufacturer wants only production. Now a day’s manufacturers are facing intensive global competition. For competing manufacturer have to use new strategy such as Lean manufacturing tools for improving both productivity & quality. To achieve this, the lean manufacturing strategy use various tools such as 5’s, Kanban, Kaizen, JIT etc. This article clearly explains the lean concepts, its benefits and more beneficial strategy than the traditional process for the manufacturer.

Keywords: lean, tool, manufacturer, traditional, manufacturing, production.

Introduction: 
Lean Manufacturing can be defined as "A systematic approach to identifying and eliminating waste through continuous improvement of the product at the demand of the customer." Taiichi Ohno once said that “Lean Manufacturing is all about looking at the time line from the moment the customer gives us an order to the point when we collect the cash. And we are reducing that time line by removing the non – value added wastes”. Lean always focuses on identifying and eliminating waste and fully utilizing the activities that add value to the final product. From the customer point of view, value is equivalent to anything he is willing to pay for the product or service he receives. Formally value adding activities can be defined as: activities that transform materials and information into products and services the customer wants. On the other hand non-value adding activities can be defined as: activities that consume resources, but do not directly contribute to product or service. This non-value adding activities are the waste in Lean Manufacturing. Waste can be generated due to poor layout (distance), long setup times, incapable processes, poor maintenance practices, poor work methods, lack of training, large batches, ineffective production planning/scheduling, lack of workplace organization etc. By eliminating wastes in the overall process, through continuous improvements the product’s lead time can be reduced remarkably. By reducing lead time organization can obtain operational benefits (enhancement of productivity, reduction in work-in-process inventory, improvement in quality, reduction of space utilization and better work place organization) as well as administrative benefits (reduction in order processing errors, streamlining of customer service functions so that customers are no longer placed on hold, reduction of paperwork in office areas, reduction of labor turnover.)

Main Objectives of Lean manufacturing:
Quality: Increasing the quality level of the working process means reducing the number of errors, repairs and rejects. The result is less demand for company resources and therefore lower total operating costs.

Reducing through time: Through time is the time that elapses between the company receiving its raw materials and receiving payment for the products produced using those raw materials. Reducing this interval means being able to produce more products in the same time, better rotation of resources and the ability to react faster and more flexibly to satisfy customer needs.

Reducing inventory: Inventories eat up space, add considerably to logistics costs and consume significant amounts of financial assets; assets that could be better employed elsewhere.

Reducing space: Most companies use far too much space and more personnel than they need to: Lean Manufacturing using the LeanTek system does away with unproductive conveyors, reduces production line length, incorporates previously separate workstations into the main line, and reduces stocks and cuts logistics costs. All these improvements help reduce the need for space and offer the option of earmarking the regained space for future expansion.

Reduce Defects & Wastages: Waste is anything that happens to a product that does not add value from the customer’s perspective. Products being stored, inspected or delayed, products waiting in queues, and defective products do not add value.

The 7 wastes are at the root of all unprofitable activity within your organization.

The 7 wastes consist of:
  1. Defects
  2. Overproduction
  3. Transportation
  4. Waiting
  5. Inventory
  6. Motion
  7. Processing
Traditional Garments Manufacturing Process:
In Traditional garments manufacturing process Work in process (WIP) is very high. Product spends more time in manufacturing, just waiting. In this process garments defects are very high. This system is not suitable in today’s scenario.

A comparison between Traditional & Lean manufacturing process is given below, which is the evidence of benefits of lean manufacturing in garments.

Traditional Manufacturing vs Lean Manufacturing
Activity
Traditional
Lean
Inventory level
High
Low
Suitability
For low order quantity
For high order quantity
Higher production design
Not suitable
suitable
Cost of production
High
Low
Bundle size
Low
High
Work in Process
High
Low
Process waste
High
Low
Production type
Stock Production
Custom Production
Layout
Functional
Product
 
Advantages of Lean Manufacturing:
  1. Increased overall productivity.
  2. Reduced amount of floor space required for production.
  3. Reduced manufacturing lead time.
  4. Improved flexibility to react to changes in production flow.
  5. Improved quality of the product.
Conclusion: 
The concept of lean manufacturing is new in Bangladesh. Now most of the factories are trying to implementing these tools & they are getting benefits by improving quality & production rate.

Reference:
  1. www.lean.org
  2. en.wikipedia.org
  3. www.toyota-global.com
  4. leanmanufacturingtools.org 
 

Nanotechnology in Textiles: A New Field for Research & Development

Nanotechnology in Textiles: A New Field for Research & Development
Jaiparkash Kaushik
Department of Textile Technology
The Technological Institute of Textile and Sciences,
Bhiwani, India
Email: jaiparkashkaushik@gmail.com




Introduction:
Nanotechnology is the new field under research and development in current day science and technology. Nobel Prize winning physicist Richard Feynman, in 1959, in his famous presentation entitled “There is Plenty of Room at the bottom”, conceptualised the concept of nanotechnology for the first time. Nanotechnology is roughly defined as dealing with matter at nanoscale level. Nanoscale has been defined as one between 1 nm and 100 nm, and nano enabled are those whose properties and performance has been enhanced using nanotechnology. Size of a single atom is roughly 0.1 nm, it implies that a nanoparticle of 1 nm dimension will have just 10 atoms.

Textile is the one major application area of nanotechnology. Nanotechnology in textiles is used to produce nano fibers and nano finishes. Textile nano fibres are used in high performance areas of applications owing to their extraordinary properties due to their enhanced specific surface area; on the other hand nano finishes when applied on conventional fibers improve their functional properties to match those of high performance fibers. In this paper, role of nanoparticles finish in textiles has been reviewed.
Nanotechnology on textile
Nanotechnology on textile
Nanotechnology is the science to deal and control the matter at atomic level. Particles in the range of 1 to 100 nm are classified as nanoparticles. Their superb properties are due to their high surface to volume ratio this imparts these nanoparticles some unique properties which they do not exhibit at macro level.

Nanotechnology is specifically applicable in textiles; this has lead to great interest in research and development work in this field. Any finish applied on textiles should have good durability which is measured in terms of wash fastness of that finish. Nanoparticles due to their nano scale dimensions have very high surface energy and the surface atoms form Vaan der Wall forces with the fabric structure. This gives good affinity for textiles and hence good wash fastness.

Textiles have been broadly classified as traditional and technical textiles. Apparel and home textiles comes under traditional textiles. The primary criteria for judging their suitability for any purpose is their visual appearance, that is, aesthetics. And secondary criteria are the comfort related properties. If we try to impart some special functionality to these textiles products then, in many cases their aesthetic and comfort properties have to be compromised. This is the fundamental of technical textiles where textile products are manufactured for their special functionality rather than their aesthetic and decorative characteristics. Nanotechnology in some way enables us to impart functionality to the textiles products without compromising with their aesthetic and comfort properties. Textile fibre dimensions are large enough in comparison to those of nanoparticles hence, nanoparticles layer cannot be perceived with touch.

An Introduction to Nanoparticles:
Nanoparticles are a state of condensed matter. NPs are an intermediate form of matter, limited at one hand by the atoms and on the other hand by the solid phase of matter. The properties of NPs are remarkably different from those of individual atoms and those of bulk matter. So, neither the quantum chemistry is applicable to NPs nor the classical physics of bulk matter is applicable. NPs are highly packed structure of atoms of one or more elements. Their properties differ from those of bulk matter because in large crystals properties are decided by the arrangement of atoms inside the crystals. But as the size of crystal is reduced, the number of atoms at the surface becomes more than the number of atoms inside the crystal, and the properties of crystals now become a function of defect surface structure of crystal. Hence, property difference is there. Broadly nanoparticles include metal oxides, clays, and carbon black fillers. Nanometer is the transition phase in terms of behaviour of materials from bulk to atomic level. Ceramics are highly brittle as bulk matter but they are very deformable at nano range. Gold in bulk form is yellow in colour but gold nanoparticle is red in colour. They can interfere with polymer matrix. They reduce the chain mobility and hence increase the tension the toughness and absorption resistance. Due to uniform distribution inside polymer chains they took away the stress from the polymer chains and hence increase the tensile strength.

Threats and Opportunities associated with Nano enabled textiles:
Threats: Nanoparticles shed off from fabric coatings and from production sites could become a new type of pollutants. Studies on CNTs have reported that CNTs could agglomerate and cause respiratory problems and tissue damage in rats. Metal oxide nanoparticles are feared to enter the tissues when they come in contact with human skin. Later they would diffuse into blood and then circulate in whole body. They have strong tendency to agglomerate. So, even after years of diffusion in the body they could agglomerate and cause severe problems. Nano processing has to be made compatible with conventional textile coating processes. High cost of production is a very important to consider.

Opportunities: Self healing, sensorised garments for measurement of vital body parameters, self ironing, coatings active against chemical and biological attacks and with camouflage properties for military use are being investigated and are under research.

Applications of Nanotechnology in Textiles
Here are given some of the potential application areas of nanotechnology in textiles.
Nanotextiles with properties
Nanoscale materials
Value addition

Electro conductive/
antistatic textiles
Carbon black‖
Increase electrical
conductivity and
reduce static charge
accumulation

Nanoparticles

Carbon

Nanotubes (CNT)

Carbon

Nanofillers

Cu

Polypyrole

Polyaniline

Anti-bacterial and
anti-microbial/
self-sterilizing
textiles
Chitosan
Sterilizing effect, Inhibiting growth of bacteria

SiO2 (as matrix)

TiO2

Ag

ZnO

Durable/Anticorrosive
Textiles
Al2O3
Increase strength and
Increased durability, Improve abrasion
resistant & toughness

SiO2

ZnO

Polybutylacrylate

CNT

Moisture absorbent Textiles
TiO2
Increase breathability
and water permeability

Self-cleaning/ dirt and water repellent Textiles
CNT
Increase water and dirt repellence

SiO2 (as matrix)

Fluoroacrylate

TiO2

UV protective
Textiles
TiO2
Increase UV Blocking,
Skin protection

ZnO

Fireproof and
Flame retardant
Textiles.
CNT
Protect from heat and thermal process effect

Boroxosilaxane

Montmorillonite

Nano-clay)

Sb3O2

Nano-filtration
textiles
Nano-fillers
Micrometer intoxicity,
Cleaner air and low-pressure drops through filters

Fragrance and odor control
Textiles
Montmorillonite
Controlled over the release of medicinal products, active agents or fragrances

(Nano-clay)

SiO2 (as matrix)

Improved tensile
strength
CNT
100 times increase
tensile strength than steel

Stain Resistive
Textiles
Carbon black‖
Improved staining/ reduced fade

Nanoparticles

Nanoporous

Hydrocarbonnitrogen coatings


SiO2 (as matrix)

 
References:
  1. Abhilash, M., (2010). Potential applications of nanoparticles. International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences, 1, 1-
  2. Advarekar, R.V., & Dasarwar, S., (2010). Flame retardant systems for textiles. Journal of The Textile Association. 175-182.
  3. Anghel, I., Grumezescu, A.M., Andronescu, E., Anghel, A.G., Fieai, A., Saviuc, C., Grumezescu, V., Vasik, B.S., & Chifiriuc, M.C., (2012). Magnetic nanoparticles for functional textiles dressing to represent fungal biofilm development. Nanoscale Research Letters, 7, 1-6.
  4. Antibacterial properties of cotton fabric treated with silver nanoparticles. The Journal of The Textile Institute, 101, 917-924.
  5. Aswini, M., & Selvakumar, N., (2009). Observation on preparation of nano TiO2 and its applications on cotton fabric. Colourage. 46-49.
  6. Buyle, G., (2009). Nanoscale finishing of textiles via plasma treatment. NCM, 39-46.
  7. Buyle, G., Eufinger, K., De Meyere, T., Vanneste, M., & Laperre, J., (2009). Effect of nano particles dispersion on the properties of textile coatings. Unitex, 6-7.
  8. Buyle, G., Schrijver, I., Heyse, P., Stevens, K., Vanneste, M., & Ruys, L.. nanotechnology in textiles applications. Newsletter Nanotec IT, 22-25.
  9. Chellamani, K.P., Panneerselvam, G., & Krishnaswamy, J., (2011). Breathability of woven surgical gowns treated with nano finishes. Asian Textile Journal, 45-51.
  10. Coyle, S., Wu, Y., Lau, K.T., Rossi, D.P., Wallace, G., & Diamond, D., (2007). Smart nanotextiles: A review of materials and applications. MRS Bulletin, 32, 434-442.
  11. De Schrinjver, I., Eufinger, K., Huyee, P., Vanneste, M., Ruys, L., (2009). Textiles of the future? incorporation of nanotechnology in textiles applications. Unitex, 4-6.
  12. Ghezelbash, Z. Ashouri, D., Mousavian, S., Ghandi, A.H., & Rahnama, Y., (2012). Surface modified Al2O3 in fluorinated polyamide Al2O3 nano composites: Synthesis ad characterisation. Bulletin Mat. Sci., 35, 925-931.
  13. Ghosh, S., Yadav, S., & Reynolds, n., (2010).
  14. Gulrajani, M.L., & Gupta, D., (2011). Emerging techniques for functional finishing of textiles. Indian Journal of Fibre & Textile Research, 36, 388-397.
  15. Hoon Zoo Lee, & Sung Hoon Jeong, (2005). Bacteriostasis and skin innoxiousness of nanosize silver colloids on textile fabrics. Textile Research Journal, 75, 551-556.
  16. Joshi, M., & Bhattacharyya, A., (2011). Nanotechnology – a new route to high performance functional textiles. Textile Progress,43, 155-233.
  17. Joshi, M., Bhattacharyya, A., & Wazed Ali, S., (2008). Characterisation techniques for nanotechnology applications in textiles. Indian Journal of Fibre & Textile Research. 33, 304-317.
  18. Kathirvelu, S., Louis D’Souza, & Bhaarathi, Dhurai, (2009). UV protection finishing of textiles using ZnO nanoparticles. Indian Journal of Fibre & Textile Research, 34, 267-273.
  19. Kathirvelu, S., Louis D’Souza, & Bhaarathi, Dhurai, (2010). Study of stain eliminating textiles using ZnO nanoparticles. The Journal of Textile Institute, 101, 520-526.